创建 Ubuntu 根文件系统

准备工作

安装qemu

在Linux PC主机上安装模拟器:

sudo apt-get install qemu-user-static

下载和解压 ubuntu-core

Firefly-rk3399 ubuntu根文件系统是基于Ubuntu base 16.04来创建的。用户可以到ubuntu cdimg 下载,选择下载ubuntu-base-16.04.1-base-arm64.tar.gz 。

下载完之后,创建临时文件夹并解压根文件系统:

mkdir temp
sudo tar -xpf ubuntu-base-16.04.1-base-arm64.tar.gz -C temp

修改根文件系统

准备工作

准备网络:

sudo cp -b /etc/resolv.conf temp/etc/resolv.conf

准备qemu

sudo cp /usr/bin/qemu-aarch64-static temp/usr/bin/

进入根文件系统进行操作:

sudo chroot temp

更新及安装

更新:

apt update 
apt upgrade

安装自己需要的功能

apt install vim git ....(根据自己需求添加)

安装xubuntu

apt install xubuntu-desktop

可能出现错误:

E: Unable to locate package xxxx

安装包的源没有添加到/etc/apt/source.list中,导致无法识别安装包,可以自行添加源,也可以使用下面给出的source.list覆盖原来的/etc/apt/source.list文件:

# See http://help.ubuntu.com/community/UpgradeNotes for how to upgrade to
# newer versions of the distribution.

deb http://ports.ubuntu.com/ubuntu-ports/ xenial main restricted
deb-src http://ports.ubuntu.com/ubuntu-ports/ xenial main restricted

## Major bug fix updates produced after the final release of the
## distribution.
deb http://ports.ubuntu.com/ubuntu-ports/ xenial-updates main restricted
deb-src http://ports.ubuntu.com/ubuntu-ports/ xenial-updates main restricted

## Uncomment the following two lines to add software from the 'universe'
## repository.
## N.B. software from this repository is ENTIRELY UNSUPPORTED by the Ubuntu
## team. Also, please note that software in universe WILL NOT receive any
## review or updates from the Ubuntu security team.
deb http://ports.ubuntu.com/ubuntu-ports/ xenial universe
deb-src http://ports.ubuntu.com/ubuntu-ports/ xenial universe
deb http://ports.ubuntu.com/ubuntu-ports/ xenial-updates universe
deb-src http://ports.ubuntu.com/ubuntu-ports/ xenial-updates universe

## N.B. software from this repository may not have been tested as
## extensively as that contained in the main release, although it includes
## newer versions of some applications which may provide useful features.
## Also, please note that software in backports WILL NOT receive any review
## or updates from the Ubuntu security team.
deb http://ports.ubuntu.com/ubuntu-ports/ xenial-backports main restricted
deb-src http://ports.ubuntu.com/ubuntu-ports/ xenial-backports main restricted

deb http://ports.ubuntu.com/ubuntu-ports/ xenial-security main restricted
deb-src http://ports.ubuntu.com/ubuntu-ports/ xenial-security main restricted
deb http://ports.ubuntu.com/ubuntu-ports/ xenial-security universe
deb-src http://ports.ubuntu.com/ubuntu-ports/ xenial-security universe
deb http://ports.ubuntu.com/ubuntu-ports/ xenial-security multiverse
deb-src http://ports.ubuntu.com/ubuntu-ports/ xenial-security multiverse

添加用户及设置密码

添加用户

useradd -s '/bin/bash' -m -G adm,sudo firefly

给用户设置密码:

passwd firefly

给root用户设置密码:

passwd root

修改完自己的根文件系统就可以退出了。

exit

制作根文件系统

制作自己的根文件系统,大小依据自己的根文件系统而定,注意依据temp文件夹的大小来修改count值

dd if=/dev/zero of=linuxroot.img bs=1M count=2048
sudo mkfs.ext4 linuxroot.img
mkdir  rootfs
sudo mount linuxroot.img rootfs/
sudo cp -rfp temp/*  rootfs/
sudo umount rootfs/
e2fsck -p -f linuxroot.img
resize2fs  -M linuxroot.img

这样 linuxroot.img 就是最终的根文件系统映像文件了。

FAQs

根文件系统加载后,大小不正常,未占满整个分区:

在系统正确加载后执行扩展文件系统命令:

 resize2fs /dev/mtd/by-name/linuxroot