Firefly-RK3399/UART

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Intro

Firefly-RK3399 development board supports 5 independent UART controller:UART0,UART1,UART2,UART3,and UART4,each with two 64-byte FIFO buffers for data reception and transmission. among them:

  • UART0 for Bluetooth transmission, UART2 for debugging serial port, only UART0 and UART3 support hardware automatic flow control.
  • Support bit rate 115.2Kbps, 460.8Kbps, 921.6Kbps, 1.5Mbps, 3Mbps, 4Mbps.
  • Supports programmable baud rates even,even with non-integer clock divider.
  • Supports interrupt-based or DMA-based modes
  • Support 5-8 bit width transfer

Our Firefly-RK3399 development board for the convenience of users, leads to a row of general-purpose GPIO, the corresponding schematic is as follows:
UART.jpg
GPIO1_A7 and GPIO1_B0 can be reused as uart4_rx and uart4_tx,

DTS Config

The file kernel/arch/arm64/boot/dts/rockchip/rk3399.dtsi has the definition of UART nodes:

   aliases {
       ...
       serial0 = &uart0;
       serial1 = &uart1;
       serial2 = &uart2;
       serial3 = &uart3;
       serial4 = &uart4;
   };

serial0 is defined in "aliases" node as: serial3 = &uart0;

Because our Firefly-RK3399 development board opens the uart4 for the user to use, using uart4 as an example to introduce the use of the serial port. The following are the uart4 node-related definitions:

   uart4: serial@ff370000 {
       compatible = "rockchip,rk3399-uart", "snps,dw-apb-uart";
       reg = <0x0 0xff370000 0x0 0x100>;
       clocks = <&pmucru SCLK_UART4_PMU>, <&pmucru PCLK_UART4_PMU>;
       clock-names = "baudclk", "apb_pclk";
       interrupts = <GIC_SPI 102 IRQ_TYPE_LEVEL_HIGH 0>;
       reg-shift = <2>;
       reg-io-width = <4>;
       pinctrl-names = "default";
       pinctrl-0 = <&uart4_xfer>;
       status = "disabled";
   };
   uart4 {
       uart4_xfer: uart4-xfer {
       rockchip,pins =
               <1 7 RK_FUNC_1 &pcfg_pull_up>,
               <1 8 RK_FUNC_1 &pcfg_pull_none>;
       };
   };

You only need to enable the node in the kernel/arch/arm64/boot/dts/rockchip/rk3399-firefly-port.dtsi file,as follows:

&uart4 {
       current-speed = <9600>;
       no-loopback-test;
       status = "okay";
};

UART̩̠_RX and UART̩_TX can be reused as SPI1_RXD and SPI1_TXD, so be careful to shut down the use of spi1,as follows:

&spidev0 {
	status = "disabled";
};

Debugging method

You can now communicate with the uart4 via a USB-to-serial adapter in your host PC. Follow the steps below:

(1) Connect the uart port.

Connect the TX, RX, GND pins of uart4 to the serial adapter's TX, RX, GND pins respectively.

(2) Open a serial terminal in host PC.

Run kermit in a shell window, and set baud rate:

$ sudo kermit
C-Kermit> set line /dev/ttyUSB0
C-Kermit> set speed 9600
C-Kermit> set flow-control none
C-Kermit> connect
* /dev/ttyUSB0 is the device file of USB-to-serial adapter.
* baud is the "current-speed" attribute in the DTS node.

(3) Transmit data.

The device file for uart4 is /dev/ttyS4. Run the following command in device:

echo firefly uart4 test... > /dev/ttyS4 

The serial terminal in the host PC will receive string "firefly uart4 test...".

(4) Receive data.

First, run the following command in device:

cat /dev/ttyS4

Then input string "Firefly uart4 test..." in the serial terminal.You can see the same string received in the device.

FAQs

Q1: Why is the system error after connecting to the serial adapter?

A1:Firefly RK3399 development board's TX and RX, respectively, corresponding to the serial port adapter's TX and RX, If confused, it will lead to serial communication error.