In FirePrime development board, pins of the debug uart2 port are multiplexed with TF card interface, making them mutual exclusive.That is to say, if uart2 port is in used, TF card must be plugin out, and if TF card is in use, the uart2 port cannot be connected.
In online shops, there are many USB to serial adapters, which are categorized by the following chips:
Generally speaking, adapters using CH340 chipset, are more stable and expensive.
There are four wires with different colors:
- Red: 3.3V Power, no need to connect.
- Black: GND，Ground, connect to GND pin of the board.
- White: TXD，Transmit，connect to TX pin of the board.
- Green: RXD，Receive, connect to RX pin of the board.
FirePrime use the following serial parameters:
- Baud rate: 115200
- Data bit: 8
- Stop bit: 1
- Parity check: none
- Flow control: none
Serial debugging under Windows
Download driver and install:
If PL2303 does not works under Win8, please find drivers with version 18.104.22.168 or before.
Plug in the adapter. OS will prompt that new hardware is found and being initialized. When it finish, you can find the new COM port in the Device Manager:
Under Windows, the common softwares with serial port support are putty and SecureCRT. Putty is open source software. We give a brief introduction here. The use of SecureCRT is similar.
Download putty from  .We recommend to download putty.zip, which contains other useful utilities.
Extract and run
- Select "Connection type" to "Serial".
- Modify "Serial line" to the COM port found in the device manager.
- Set "Speed" to 115200.
- Click "Open" button.
Serial debugging under Ubuntu
There are multiple choices under Ubuntu:
picocom is light weight, easy to use. We introduce it here, whereas others share the similar usage.
sudo apt-get install picocom
Connect the serial adapter, and check the corresponding serial device file by checking:
$ ls /dev/ttyUSB* /dev/ttyUSB0
$ picocom -b 115200 /dev/ttyUSB0 picocom v1.7 port is : /dev/ttyUSB0 flowcontrol : none baudrate is : 115200 parity is : none databits are : 8 escape is : C-a local echo is : no noinit is : no noreset is : no nolock is : no send_cmd is : sz -vv receive_cmd is : rz -vv imap is : omap is : emap is : crcrlf,delbs, Terminal ready
Messages above say that
Ctrl-a is the escape key. Pressing
Ctrl-a Ctrl-q can quit the terminal. Besides
Ctrl-q, there are several control commands frequently used:
- Ctrl-u : increase baud rate
- Ctrl-d : decrease baud rate
- Ctrl-f : cycle through flow controls (RTS/CTS, XON/XOFF, and none).
- Ctrl-y : cycle through parity check (even, odd and none).
- Ctrl-b : cycle throught data bit (5, 6, 7, 8).
- Ctrl-c : toggle local echo.
- Ctrl-v : show program options (like baud rate, data bits, etc).