Building Debian Root Filesystem

Preparing Build System

git clone
cd rk-rootfs-build
sudo apt-get install binfmt-support qemu-user-static
sudo dpkg -i ubuntu-build-service/packages/*
sudo apt-get install -f

Compile the Root File System

  1. Build the Debian basic system:

    VERSION=stretch TARGET=desktop ARCH=armhf ./

    This will use live-build to create a basic Debian Stretch desktop system, which is later packed as file linaro-stretch-alip-*.tar.gz. This operation takes time and only needs to run once unless you have modified the live-build configuration.

  2. Build the rk-debian system:

    VERSION=stretch TARGET=desktop ARCH=armhf ./

    This will install/setup Rockchip components such as mali and video encode/decode, based on the linaro-stretch-alip-*.tar.gz file from previous step, to create the full rk-debian system.

  3. Create the ext4 image file linaro-rootfs.img:


Note: default user and password is “linaro”.

Building Ubuntu Root Filesystem


  • Ubuntu 16.04 amd64

Install required packages:

sudo apt-get install qemu qemu-user-static binfmt-support debootstrap

Download Ubuntu core:

wget -c

Create a root filesystem image file sized 1000M and populate it with the ubuntu base tar file:

fallocate -l 1000M rootfs.img
sudo mkfs.ext4 -F -L ROOTFS rootfs.img
mkdir mnt
sudo mount rootfs.img mnt
sudo tar -xzvf ubuntu-base-16.04.1-base-arm64.tar.gz -C mnt/
sudo cp -a /usr/bin/qemu-aarch64-static mnt/usr/bin/

qemu-aarch64-static is the magic cure here, which make possible chrooting into an Arm64 filesystem under x86_64 host system.

Chroot to the new filesystem and initialize:

sudo chroot mnt/

# Change the setting here

# Create User
useradd -G sudo -m -s /bin/bash $USER
passwd $USER
# enter user password

# Hostname & Network
echo $HOST > /etc/hostname
echo "    localhost.localdomain localhost" > /etc/hosts
echo "    $HOST" >> /etc/hosts
echo "auto eth0" > /etc/network/interfaces.d/eth0
echo "iface eth0 inet dhcp" >> /etc/network/interfaces.d/eth0
echo "nameserver" > /etc/resolv.conf

# Enable serial console
ln -s /lib/systemd/system/serial-getty\@.service /etc/systemd/system/

# Install packages
apt-get update
apt-get upgrade
apt-get install ifupdown net-tools network-manager
apt-get install udev sudo ssh
apt-get install vim-tiny

Unmount filesystem:

sudo umount rootfs/

Credit: bholland