Compiling Linux Firmware

In this chapter, we’ll walk through the steps of compiling Linux firmware for ROC-RK3328-CC.


The Linux firmware is built under the following environment:

  • 64 bit CPU
  • Ubuntu 16.04

Install following packages:

sudo apt-get install git repo gnupg flex bison gperf build-essential \
     zip tar curl libc6-dev gcc-arm-linux-gnueabihf \
     gcc-aarch64-linux-gnu device-tree-compiler lzop libncurses5-dev \
     libssl1.0.0 libssl-dev mtools

Download Linux SDK

Create project directory:

# create project dir
mkdir ~/proj/roc-rk3328-cc
cd ~/proj/roc-rk3328-cc

Download Linux SDK:

# U-Boot
git clone -b release
# Kernel
git clone -b release-4.4
# Build
git clone -b debian
# Rkbin
git clone -b master

You can also browse the source code online using the github links above.

TODO: kernel.git is too big to download from github

The board build config is inside:


Compiling U-Boot

Compile U-Boot:

./build/ roc-rk3328-cc


├── idbloader.img
├── rk3328_loader_ddr786_v1.06.243.bin
├── trust.img
└── uboot.img
  • rk3328_loader_ddr786_v1.06.243.bin: A DDR init bin
  • idbloader.img: Image combined with DDR init bin and miniloader bin
  • trust.img: ARM trusted firmware
  • uboot.img: U-Boot image

Related files:

  • configs/roc-rk3328-cc_defconfig: default U-Boot config

Compiling Kernel

Compile kernel:

./build/ roc-rk3328-cc


├── boot.img
└── kernel
    ├── Image
    └── rk3328-roc-cc.dtb
  • boot.img: A image file containing Image and rk3328-roc-cc.dtb, in fat32 filesystem format.
  • Image: Kernel image
  • rk3328-roc-cc.dtb: Device tree blob

Related files:

  • arch/arm64/configs/fireflyrk3328_linux_defconfig: default kernel config
  • arch/arm64/boot/dts/rockchip/rk3328-roc-cc.dts: board dts
  • arch/arm64/boot/dts/rockchip/rk3328.dtsi: soc dts

To customize the kernel config and update the default config:

# this is important!
export ARCH=arm64

cd kernel

# first use default config
make fireflyrk3328_linux_defconfig

# customize your kernel
make menuconfig

# save as default config
make savedefconfig
cp defconfig arch/arm64/configs/fireflyrk3328_linux_defconfig

NOTE: The build script does not copy kernel modules to the root filesystem. You have to do it yourself.

Building Root Filesystem

You can download the prebuilt root filesystem:

Or build one yourself by following Linux Building Root Filesystem.

Packing Raw Format Firmware

Place your Linux root filesystem image file as out/rootfs.img.

The out directory should contain the following files:

$ tree out
├── boot.img
├── kernel
│   ├── Image
│   └── rk3328-roc-cc.dtb
├── rootfs.img
└── u-boot
    ├── idbloader.img
    ├── rk3328_loader_ddr786_v1.06.243.bin
    ├── trust.img
    └── uboot.img

2 directories, 8 files

To create the raw format firmware:

./build/ -c rk3328 -t system -r out/rootfs.img

The command above will pack the neccessary image files into out/system.img, according to this storage map.

To flash this raw format firmware, please follow the Getting Started chapter.