ADB 使用

前言

ADB,全称 Android Debug Bridge,是 Android 的命令行调试工具,可以完成多种功能,如跟踪系统日志,上传下载文件,安装应用等。

为了在Firefly-PX3-SE也能使用ADB工具进行调试,我们移植了adb服务。但由于并非Android设备,很多adb命令类似adb logcat、adb install等不能使用,仅作为普通的调试辅助工具,可以进行shell交互、上传下载文件等操作。

同样的网络远程ADB调试也不能使用。

准备连接

用 Micro USB OTG 线连接设备和主机。

Windows下的 ADB 安装

首先参照安装 RK USB 驱动一节安装好驱动。然后到download-adb-for-windows 下载 adb.zip,解压到 C:\adb 以方便调用。

打开命令行窗口,输入:

cd C:\adb
adb shell

如果一切正常,就可以进入adb shell,在设备上面运行命令。

Ubuntu 下的 ADB 安装

  • 安装 adb 工具:
sudo apt-get install android-tools-adb
  • 加入设备标识:
mkdir -p ~/.android
vi ~/.android/adb_usb.ini
# 添加以下一行
0x2207
  • 加入 udev 规则:
sudo vi /etc/udev/rules.d/51-android.rules
# 添加以下一行:
SUBSYSTEM=="usb", ATTR{idVendor}=="2207", MODE="0666"
  • 重新插拔 USB 线,或运行以下命令,让 udev 规则生效:
sudo udevadm control --reload-rules
sudo udevadm trigger
  • 重新启动 adb 服务器
sudo adb kill-server
adb start-server

常用 ADB 命令

连接管理

列出所有连接设备及其序列号

adb devices

如果有多个连接设备,则需要使用序列号来区分:

export ANDROID_SERIAL=
adb shell ls

暂不支持网络 adb 调试。

获取详细运行信息 adb bugreport

adb bugreport 用于错误报告,里面包含大量有用的信息。

示例:
adb bugreport
# 保存到本地,方便用编辑器查看
adb bugreport >bugreport.txt

命令行帮助信息 adb help

注意:并不是所有命令都能使用,帮助信息只做参考

Android Debug Bridge version 1.0.31

 -a                            - directs adb to listen on all interfaces for a connection
 -d                            - directs command to the only connected USB device
                                 returns an error if more than one USB device is present.
 -e                            - directs command to the only running emulator.
                                 returns an error if more than one emulator is running.
 -s           - directs command to the device or emulator with the given
                                 serial number or qualifier. Overrides ANDROID_SERIAL
                                 environment variable.
 -p      - simple product name like 'sooner', or
                                 a relative/absolute path to a product
                                 out directory like 'out/target/product/sooner'.
                                 If -p is not specified, the ANDROID_PRODUCT_OUT
                                 environment variable is used, which must
                                 be an absolute path.
 -H                            - Name of adb server host (default: localhost)
 -P                            - Port of adb server (default: 5037)
 devices [-l]                  - list all connected devices
                                 ('-l' will also list device qualifiers)
 connect [:]       - connect to a device via TCP/IP
                                 Port 5555 is used by default if no port number is specified.
 disconnect [[:]]  - disconnect from a TCP/IP device.
                                 Port 5555 is used by default if no port number is specified.
                                 Using this command with no additional arguments
                                 will disconnect from all connected TCP/IP devices.

device commands:
  adb push [-p]                                 - copy file/dir to device
                                 ('-p' to display the transfer progress)
  adb pull [-p] [-a]  []
                               - copy file/dir from device
                                 ('-p' to display the transfer progress)
                                 ('-a' means copy timestamp and mode)
  adb sync [  ]     - copy host->device only if changed
                                 (-l means list but don't copy)
                                 (see 'adb help all')
  adb shell                    - run remote shell interactively
  adb shell           - run remote shell command
  adb emu             - run emulator console command
  adb logcat [  ] - View device log
  adb forward --list           - list all forward socket connections.
                                 the format is a list of lines with the following format:
                                     " "  " "  "\n"
  adb forward   - forward socket connections
                                 forward specs are one of: 
                                   tcp:                                   localabstract:                                   localreserved:                                   localfilesystem:                                   dev:                                   jdwp: (remote only)
  adb forward --no-rebind                                 - same as 'adb forward  ' but fails
                                 if  is already forwarded
  adb forward --remove  - remove a specific forward socket connection
  adb forward --remove-all     - remove all forward socket connections
  adb jdwp                     - list PIDs of processes hosting a JDWP transport
  adb install [-l] [-r] [-d] [-s] [--algo  --key  --iv ]                                - push this package file to the device and install it
                                 ('-l' means forward-lock the app)
                                 ('-r' means reinstall the app, keeping its data)
                                 ('-d' means allow version code downgrade)
                                 ('-s' means install on SD card instead of internal storage)
                                 ('--algo', '--key', and '--iv' mean the file is encrypted already)
  adb uninstall [-k]  - remove this app package from the device
                                 ('-k' means keep the data and cache directories)
  adb bugreport                - return all information from the device
                                 that should be included in a bug report.

  adb backup [-f ] [-apk|-noapk] [-obb|-noobb] [-shared|-noshared] [-all] [-system|-nosystem] []
                               - write an archive of the device's data to .
                                 If no -f option is supplied then the data is written
                                 to "backup.ab" in the current directory.
                                 (-apk|-noapk enable/disable backup of the .apks themselves
                                    in the archive; the default is noapk.)
                                 (-obb|-noobb enable/disable backup of any installed apk expansion
                                    (aka .obb) files associated with each application; the default
                                    is noobb.)
                                 (-shared|-noshared enable/disable backup of the device's
                                    shared storage / SD card contents; the default is noshared.)
                                 (-all means to back up all installed applications)
                                 (-system|-nosystem toggles whether -all automatically includes
                                    system applications; the default is to include system apps)
                                 ( is the list of applications to be backed up.  If
                                    the -all or -shared flags are passed, then the package
                                    list is optional.  Applications explicitly given on the
                                    command line will be included even if -nosystem would
                                    ordinarily cause them to be omitted.)

  adb restore            - restore device contents from the  backup archive

  adb help                     - show this help message
  adb version                  - show version num

scripting:
  adb wait-for-device          - block until device is online
  adb start-server             - ensure that there is a server running
  adb kill-server              - kill the server if it is running
  adb get-state                - prints: offline | bootloader | device
  adb get-serialno             - prints:   adb get-devpath              - prints:   adb status-window            - continuously print device status for a specified device
  adb remount                  - remounts the /system partition on the device read-write
  adb reboot [bootloader|recovery] - reboots the device, optionally into the bootloader or recovery program
  adb reboot-bootloader        - reboots the device into the bootloader
  adb root                     - restarts the adbd daemon with root permissions
  adb usb                      - restarts the adbd daemon listening on USB
  adb tcpip              - restarts the adbd daemon listening on TCP on the specified port
networking:
  adb ppp  [parameters]   - Run PPP over USB.
 Note: you should not automatically start a PPP connection.
  refers to the tty for PPP stream. Eg. dev:/dev/omap_csmi_tty1
 [parameters] - Eg. defaultroute debug dump local notty usepeerdns

adb sync notes: adb sync [  ]
   can be interpreted in several ways:

  - If  is not specified, both /system and /data partitions will be updated.

  - If it is "system" or "data", only the corresponding partition
    is updated.

environmental variables:
  ADB_TRACE                    - Print debug information. A comma separated list of the following values
                                 1 or all, adb, sockets, packets, rwx, usb, sync, sysdeps, transport, jdwp
  ANDROID_SERIAL               - The serial number to connect to. -s takes priority over this if given.
  ANDROID_LOG_TAGS             - When used with the logcat option, only these debug tags are printed.